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Welding is a career which comes with it’s own risks, and things can go south if proper precautions are not taken. So, it is important to be aware of the possible risks and hazards that welding can cause and protect yourself from those.

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Possible Hazards

Electric Shock Hazards:

In welding procedures like Arc Welding, electrical circuits are used to heat the metal and weld a metal. Hence while welding, there is a possibility of getting an electric shock. An Electric shock is one of the most dangerous hazards and its consequences can lead to serious injuries and casualties. Also, touching a metal and an electrode circuit together can also lead to a secondary electric shock.

Possible risks at:

  1. Wet conditions
  2. Wearing Wet clothes
  3. Metal structures or floors

Threat to getting burns:

Joining 2 metals requires high temperature to melt the metal joints, and it can lead to severe burns if not done very cautiously. This only happens when a welder is careless and inconsiderate of taking right precautions.

Fumes & gases exposure:

Welding activities produce gas fumes that may include nitrogen oxides, nickel oxides and chromium which are easy to penetrate into your lungs. Illness such as Pneumonia, Occupational asthma, metal fume fever or Throat and Lung irritation can be caused, if precautions are not taken.


Welding causes a lot of noise and when more welders are working in a company working together, it can create loud noises. Welding activities like gas cutting can produce a noise of more than 100dB while the loudest noise is considered to be 85dB, this may damage hearing capability.


An intense beam of UV lights is flashed on the eyes while welding which can lead to pain and inflammation in the cornea can be long lasting. Various components can cause the pain such as flash burn or distance between your eyes and welding, or the angle at which you are welding. Welding for long Duration without taking proper precautions can even result in loss of vision.

Hence to avoid these hazards, you must have a certified welding training where you are trained to understand the risks and take actions if an incident happens.

Here are the Safety Tips to prevent above hazards:

Work Piece should be Grounded:

The work pieces are metals which are a conductive material and electricity flows through the welding materials, what could happen if the workpiece is not connected to the round? The electricity may flow through you causing serious health concerns. Hence it is necessary to ground the workpiece before you start welding as a safety precaution.

Also, make sure there are no cords/tools around your feet while welding, it is a tripping hazard.

Safety tip 1 –

YouTube video

Welding Helmet and Protective Eyewear:

As Welding produces a lot of UV radiations which can be damaging to the eyes, it is important to wear a Welding Helmet with side shields and protective eyewear. Follow the guidelines of the welding helmet and you will have great visibility and protection while welding. You must also wear a welding hood under your helmet which is fire resistant to protect the backside of your head.

Lightweight leather Clothing:

Lightweight leather Clothing: While welding, there are smaller fire sparks, heat and radiations produced which can give you burn on your body parts, hence lightweight leather clothing should be worn before you start welding as they are flame resistant; and you must strictly prevent the use of synthetic clothing.

Safety tip 2 –

YouTube video

Protective Gloves and Boots:

Protective Gloves and Boots: With leather clothing, you must make sure, your hands and legs are not exposed to any kind of electric shock, flames or burns; ensure wearing fire resistant, insulated gloves and safety shoes that safeguards you from any dangerous hazards.

Ear Protection:

Ear Protection: To achieve ear protection, it’s significant to wear ear protection that is suitable in your workstation and is flame resistant to avoid the risk of fire sparks entering your ear.

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